What is a Pitted Contactor?
A contactor is an electrical relay that controls the flow of electricity to components in the AC unit. The contactor sends voltage to the condenser and outdoor fan motor. Voltage from the thermostat is sent to the contactor and is registered by the contactor’s side terminals. Power is applied to the contactor’s lower terminals and leads from the compressor and fan motor are connected to the top terminals. When the thermostat calls for either heating or cooling, a magnetic action forces a connection from the contactor’s volt side (line side) to the side where the compressor and fan motor are connected (load side). When the thermostat stops calling for action, the contactor opens and stops all power to the equipment.
Pitting is a deterioration process that happens to metals and in this case, contactors when they have been exposed over a period of time to excessive voltage and heat. The pitting eventually creates a surface wherein adequate contact and transfer of electricity is unobtainable, rendering them ineffective and in need of replacement.